What you need to know in case fire occurs in your home.
WHAT TO DO WHEN TRAPPED IN A BURNING HOUSE OR BUILDING
If you're in a room with the door closed when the fire breaks out, you need to take a few extra steps:
If you can see smoke in the house, stay low to the ground as you make your way to the exit. In a fire, smoke and poisonous air hurt more people than the actual flames do. You'll breathe less smoke if you stay close to the ground. Smoke naturally rises, so if there is smoke while you're using your escape route, staying low means you can crawl under most of it. You can drop to the floor and crawl on your hands and knees below the smoke.
Exiting through a door that leads outside should be your first choice as an escape route. Even windows on a higher floor could be safe escape routes if you had help from a firefighter. Collapsible rescue ladders near a window can be used to escape from upper floors of a house.
If you can't get out fast, because fire or smoke is blocking an escape route, yell for help. You can do this from an open window or call the fire station if you have a phone with you.
Never hide under the bed or in a closet. Firefighters will have a hard time finding you. Know that firefighters will be looking for you to help you out safely. The sooner they find you, the sooner you both can get out.
In the meanwhile, keep heat and smoke from getting through the door by blocking the cracks around the door with sheets, blankets, and/or clothing. If there is a window in the room that is not possible to escape from, open it wide and stand in front of it. If you can grab a piece of clothing or a towel, place it over your mouth to keep from breathing in the smoke. This works even better if you wet the cloth first.
When trapped in a burning building, do not attempt to jump from the upper-storey windows except as a last resort. Many people have jumped to their death even while the firemen were bringing ladders to rescue them.
Do you know what to do if your clothes catch on fire?
What is a Fire Escape Plan?
It's your strategy for a safe exit from your home during a fire emergency.
What ingredients make up an effective escape plan? A careful escape plan begins with careful preparation, proper placement of smoke detectors and regular check up.
Exit Drills In The Home (E.D.I.T.H.).
Exit Drills In The Home can help people to prepare for an emergency. Most home fires begin between the hours of midnight and 6:00 a.m. This is a time when most people are least prepared. In the middle of the night, fire can be a disaster if you and your family are not familiar with how to escape during an emergency.
Hopefully you will never have a fire in your home. However, should a fire occur, your safety and that of your family will depend on calm, rational actions of the occupants. Exit drills in the home and a carefully designed escape plan can be the key to a safe escape.
How To Design a Fire Escape Plan
Planning ahead provides numerous benefits. Advanced planning will ensure that you are ready for any fire emergency and can provide you and your loved ones peace of mind.
To design your own fire escape plan, sketch the floor plan of your home on a piece of paper. Indicate on the plan all doors, windows and other areas from which you could escape from each room in your home.
Draw arrows to indicate the normal exits which would be your primary escape route. With an alternate color, draw arrows to indicate a secondary exit from each room in the home.
Choose a location outside the home where family members should meet once they have safely escaped. A neighbor's front yard or sidewalk may be an ideal meeting place.
Note the emergency number to call to report a fire. Everyone should know the location of telephones in the home and where to find a telephone outside of the home. It is very important that children also know the "HOTLINE" number or the telephone number "335-3998" of the nearest fire station in your areas in order to report a fire or other emergency incidents to authorities.
Your fire escape plan may look great on paper, but does it really work? Regular exit drills in the home will allow you to test the plan and make adjustments as may be needed. When practicing your exit drills in the home, remember to use alternate escape routes as well. Children should be closely supervised during drills in the home and no one should take unnecessary chances.
Some people face greater risks during a fire emergency as they may have special needs. This would include individuals who are mentally or physically handicapped. Persons with special needs should sleep in a bedroom near someone who can help in the event of an emergency. Designing a special escape plan will depend on the abilities of the person.